All of us have heard about the stunning cannabinoids, the reason we can reach euphoria, and for some, manage our previously unmanageable issues.
Terpenes are what we smell, that complexity of sweet strawberry or the diesel-like stench is all a by-product of the terpenes present in cannabis.
Knowing why cannabis smells like what it does and deepening your understanding will help you become more aware of what you are picking up when you make your way to a dispensary.
What Are Terpenes?
Glands that produce cannabinoids like CBD and THC are responsible for producing terpenes. They are the organic compounds that are responsible for giving that gorgeous sheen and distinctive flavors to cannabis. These flavors tend to range from citrus to pine and everything else in between.
But terpenes are not unique to just cannabis, they are found practically on every plant in this world.
In cannabis, what makes them truly special is the terpene type and composition, which goes beyond just creating different scents; it is also the reason behind the entourage effect.
The Entourage Effect
The different terpenes, along with the cannabinoids, has given rise to the concept of whole plant medicine promoting the entourage effect.
The entourage effect states that it is not only the cannabinoids(CBD and THC) that are responsible for what we feel when we consume cannabis but rather them with terpenes.
This effect can be, in theory, leveraged to create more balanced strains.
The possibility of this synergy has opened doors for scientists to create compounds that can be built on a highly personalized level.
There are over a 100 terpenes present in cannabis, depending on what research you decide to check out.
We have rounded some of the most known terpenes in the list below.
This is one of the most commonly occurring terpenes in cannabis. This terpene found in abundance in cannabis and can make up as much as 65% of the terpene profile in some cases. Almost all strains contain some trace amounts of this terpene.
It is described as having a fruity grape-like aroma. This is the terpene that is thought to reduce inflammation and chronic pain.
Strains: White Widow, Special Kush & Skunk XL
This is the second most abundantly found terpene in cannabis. It lives up to its namesake and has a lemon centric citrusy smell.
As a cannabis terpene, it has antifungal and antibacterial properties that may even help in shrinking the size of tumors (purely hypothetical).
To identify a strain that is high in limonene, all you have to do is search for the word lemon or sour in the name.
Strains: Sour Diesel, Super Lemon Haze
This is one of those scents that you smell from a mile away. Look for a spicy, floral note, and you would be right next to a herb containing linalool. This herb also makes its presence known in other aromatic herbs like lavender, mint, and cinnamon.
Linalool has sedative and relaxing and greatly helps people suffering from arthritis, depression, insomnia, and seizures.
Strains: Amnesia Haze, Lavender
With a spicy and peppery note, this is another terpene which is very hard to miss. Also found in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and spices, it is a leading ingredient anti-inflammatory topicals and cream. Also, unlike other terpenes, this one does bind itself to cannabinoid receptors.
Beyond the well-known anti-anxiety and analgesic properties, studies have shown that this terpene reduces the voluntary intake of alcohol.
Strains: Super Silver Haze, Skywalker
Beyond the terpenes mentioned above, there are still about 100 odd ones we have no idea about, and as research broadens, we will cover them and the synergy effect.Cannabis consumption is legal in 33 states in a medical capacity; a medical marijuana card online ca is one of the easier ways to get your hand on a medical marijuana card in Stockton, CA