When you apply for a cannabis card online to buy cannabis at a dispensary, you want to ensure that you have the best possible experience. However, to make this experience the best one, you need more than just the mainstream cannabinoids like CBD and THC. No, we’re not talking about other minor cannabinoids like CBN, CBC, CBG or THCV. Even though these are extremely important and lead to a complete entourage effect, here we’re talking about terpenes.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a group of naturally occurring compounds that are not only found in cannabis but other plants as well, awarding different and distinguishable scents to these plants.
While cannabis is famous for a plethora of reasons, its aroma and flavor are always two of its most recognizable traits. This distinct aroma and flavor is because of the presence of chemical compounds found in cannabis, often referred to as terpenes.
Along with making these plants smell the way they do, these compounds also have some therapeutic benefits when used with or without cannabis. However, in this article, our focus will remain on the benefits of terpenes when working in synergy with other cannabis compounds.
How Do Terpenes Affect Us?
Like we stated above, terpenes bring out the aroma in cannabis. They are responsible for the earthy, skunky, pine-like and citrusy smell of a weed flower that you might be smoking. The aroma and flavor of a cannabis plant are also indicative of its quality.
These terpenes are also known to have pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety effects when consumed or applied topically. Almost all terpenes have shown potential medical and therapeutic effects when used in combination with cannabis. These terpenes, when consumed in cannabis products, tend to impact the type of cannabis experience you’ll have. It magnifies the pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety effects while helping patients feel a sense of calm, comfort and even experience sedative effects.
Can Terpenes Get Us High?
No, terpenes aren’t capable of inducing intoxicating effects in users, however, they can have sedative effects to a limited extent. To a limited extent, we mean that you might not be able to use a particular terpene as a replacement for your sleeping pills but it sure can help you feel more relaxed and calm.
However, just because terpenes aren’t capable of inducing a high like effect in you, does not mean it cannot add to the intoxicating effects of THC. It is well known that the entourage effects associated with cannabis are only possible when cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found in the herb work in synergy. It is also believed that terpenes can elevate the intoxicating effects of THC while also magnifying the pain-relieving benefits of CBD.
Some Important Terpenes Found in Cannabis
Now that we know the basics of what terpene is and how it accentuates the overall cannabis effect, let’s look into the most common terpenes found in cannabis and discuss their benefits on consumers.
The most abundantly found terpenes in cannabis, myrcene has an earthy and fruity aroma, often clove-like. Other than cannabis, this terpene is commonly found in mangoes, hops, lemongrass, basil, etc.
- The terpene is known for its fruity flavor and sedative effects.
- Like other terpenes, this can enhance the effects of other cannabinoids, leading to an entourage effect.
- The terpene has analgesic (pain-relieving), anti-inflammatory benefits.
- Terpene is recommended as a supplement during chemo.
The name already gave it away. This terpene makes cannabis smell citrusy (Almost lemon-like. We wonder why?)
This terpene is the second most abundantly found and has some therapeutic benefits.
- The terpene works great as a stress buster. It improves your mood.
- The terpene also has antibacterial and antifungal properties.
- Apart from these, it also exhibits analgesic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene
You can probably tell what these two smell like, can’t you? Pine trees, of course.
These two terpenes can be found in cannabis along with other plants like basil, orange peel, rosemary, parsley, etc.
- Like all the other terpenes mentioned above, these too exhibit anti-inflammatory effects in consumers.
- It is also known for its antioxidant and antimicrobial effects.
- The terpene also has neuroprotective properties.
- Pinene lowers the chances of memory loss due to THC.
- Helps with conditions like asthma, arthritis, Crohn’s disease and cancer
Black pepper, cloves, cinnamon and oregano, a little bit of rosemary and a garnish of basil- they all have something in common. Caryophyllene. This peppery and spicy terpene binds with the endocannabinoid receptor CB2.
- The terpene has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anxiolytic effects. (Are we surprised, though?)
- One special effect, however, is its effect on reducing alcohol dependency and treating withdrawal symptoms.
Note: Most of these benefits are concluded from studies conducted on mice in laboratories and controlled settings. The terpene’s effects on alcohol misuse/ dependency is based on a similar study. Since these studies have not been performed on human consumers, the results are still inconclusive.
Terpineol has a floral, woody and citrusy aroma and its flavor can be characterized as mint or anise-like. This terpene is often found in plants like lilacs, sage, tea trees, nutmeg, and cumin.
- This terpene has major sedative effects. When combined with a THC-rich cannabis strain, this combination can lead to drowsiness and the couch lock effect.
- Apart from its sedation, terpene has major antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties.
- The terpene is believed to have anti-cancer effects.
THC-rich products that contain terpineol or other terpenes like myrcene can be great substitutes for prescription medications and opioid-based painkillers. Just apply for a cannabis card online and you can easily access these products from legally run dispensaries.
Other Terpenes Found in Cannabis
Don’t think that just because our list is over, these are all the terpenes out there. On the contrary, there are so many terpenes found in cannabis that we can’t begin listing them. For this reason, we have restricted ourselves and focussed on our favorite terpenes. We’ve listed them on our preference of:
- Scents and flavors
- Their therapeutic benefits
- They are used as a medical supplement to target conditions like cancer, tumor, etc.
Other terpenes that deserve a special mention here are as follows:
Humulene – An antibacterial compound used in folk medicine.
Linalool- Lavender notes make it perfect for aromatherapy and stress management.
Eucalyptol – A cooling terpene that exhibits pain-relieving and antibacterial benefits.
After applying for a cannabis card online, patients can easily access products that have multiple terpenes in higher concentrations. Consult your medical marijuana doctor or the budtender at your local dispensary for more details. They can answer your queries about different compounds found in cannabis, the terpenes you’ll find in each product and if it’ll be suitable for you. Also discuss potential allergens that might be present in a product.
Terpenes play a crucial role when it comes to magnifying the cannabis experience for consumers. They make up an important aspect of the entourage effect and most consumers look for. Combining their analgesic, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antibacterial benefits to the mix, they can elevate the effect of other cannabis compounds.
Keeping in mind the benefits we’ve stated above, you can look for cannabis products with high concentrations of terpenes. Don’t settle for one! More terpenes equate to higher quality cannabis here. However, before you dream about accessing these potent products, apply for a medical cannabis card online.